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Sunday, December 27, 2009

108 Facts about Telangana - need and justification

108 Facts about Telangana - need and justification

1) Catchment area of Krishna Basin
Rayalaseema 18%
Andhra 13%
Telangana 69%

Allocation of Krishna water as per tribunal recommendation=
Rayalaseema 16%
Andhra 49%
Telangana 35%

Actual utilization
Rayalaseema 13%
Andhra 87%
Telangana less than 1%

2) Godavari river catchment area
Telangana 79% (1170 TMC)
Andhra 21% (310 TMC)

Utilization of Godavari waters
Andhra 23% (320 TMC i.e. 110% of allotted)
Telangana 9.6 % (143 TMC)
405 TMC is being diverted to Andhra via Polavaram project

3) Total loss of water share of Telangana merging with Andhra is 1125 TMC.With estimation of 1 TMC to serve 10,000 acres, total cultivation land Telangana lost is 11, 25,000 acres.

4) There are 10 districts in Telangana, 9 in Andhra, 4 in Rayalaseema. Out of these 7 districts in Telangana, 3 in Andhra and 1 in Rayalaseema are considered severely backward districts which means 70% of districts in Telangana are backward while in Andhra - 35% and in Rayalaseema - 25%

5) 65% of Industries in Telangana are owned by Andhra.One Telangana person (close relative of Sri Jaipal Reddy) tried to start industry in west Godavari, he was harassed and tormented so much that he gave it up half way through.

6) All Telangana region CM's combined tenure is hardly 6 years.

7) From past 50 years AP got nearly 40 major projects in which 37 went to Seemandhra region

8) Telangana side:
- SLBC (30 TMC) not taken up
- SLBC beyond Musi river (20 TMC) not taken up
- RDS extension (10 TMC) not taken up
- LIS to high level areas in Mahabubnagar not taken up
- Bheema LIS 20 TMC under construction for many years

Seemandhra side:
- Telugu Ganga project (29 TMC) completed
- SRBC (19 TMC) completed
- KC canal extension completed (10 TMC)
- Upland areas Brahmamgari matham reservoir (10 TMC) completed
- SRBC beyond Gorakallu (20TMC) under construction
- Puchintala evaporation losses (5 TMC) under construction
- Veligonda not recommended project (40 TMC) almost completed
- Handrineeva sujala sarvanthi not recommended (38 TMC) almost completed
- Galerunagari sujala sravanthi not recommended (38 TMC) is under construction

9) Pothireddypadu regulator was originally created for drinking water to Chennai with 5 TMC. Gradually 5 projects were ‘piggy backed’ & augmented to canal. In the name of Chennai drinking water, Rayalaseema leaders wanted to take away the entire waters of Srisailam reservoir.

10) Veligonda project is being constructed on war footing basis. This will drain 60 TMC of water from Srisailam. This project is not allotted (water share by tribunal) and do not have clearance till now.

11) Handrineeva Srujana Sravanthi, not allotted not cleared project is going on war footing now. It will run through chittoor via Anantapur.

12) SLBC - Srisailam Left Bank Canal, despite of all recommendations, Clearances and permissions never started. This would have provided 30 TMC for 3 Lakh acres in Nalgonda district.

13) Manuguru thermal power station proposed by Central govt due to proximity of coal mines was lobbied to be shifted to Vijayawada, transporting coal from telangana (singareni). This led to shortage of power due to pump set usage by Telangana farmers.

14) Ramagundam super thermal power station (2500 MW) transferred to NTPC,crippling power ownership of state by which we get only 27% of power produced and rest is pooled in national grid.

15) Dummugudem Hydal power station never even started construction – this remained a promise on paper.

16) Icchampalli power (975 MW) project never started.

17) Power regulatory mechanisms – 220 KV, 132 KV, 32 KV substations and lines never realized in Telangana region.

18) If Mumbai is not a free-zone, Delhi is not a freezone, Kolkatta is not a free zone, Chennai is not a free zone, Pune is not a freezone … why should Hyderabad be a freezone ? Andhra enthusiasts hailing Hydrabad being a free zone, were demanding entire Telangana should be freezone.

19) Telangana covers 41.7% area, Seemandhra 58.3% area. Telangana has 40.5% population , Seemandhra 59.5%. Telangana revenue is 53% to the state exchequer.

20) 1953 Andhra Pradesh the area irrigated under TANKS in the Telangana 11 lakh acres. Now it is hardly 6.5 lakh acres.

21) Andhra 9 districts – funds spent on education – Rs 1308.56 Crores Rayalaseema 4 dist – funds spent on education – Rs 382.87 Crores Telangana 10 districts – funds spent on education – Rs 163.39 Crores

22) Literacy – Andhra (9 districts) 42%, Rayalaseema (4 districts) 38%,
Telangana (10 districts) 30%

23) Andhra 9 districts – schools 26,800 Rayalaseema 4 dist – schools 13,000 Telangana 10 dist – 17,954

24) Hospitals Andhra (9 dist) 666, Rayalaseema (4 dist) 303, Telangana (10 dist) 270

25) Total Govt employees – Seemandhra (13 districts) 9 lakhs, Telangana (10 dist) 3 lakhs

26) IAS/IPS/IFS officers (civil services) – Andhra (9 dist) 225, Rayalaseema (4 dist) 50, Telangana (10 dist) 60

27) Industries (small/medium/large) – Andhra (9 dist) 6,100, Rayalaseema (4 dist) 773, Telangana (10 dist) 1250

28) Power Utilization Andhra (9 dist) 54% - Rayalaseema (4 dist) 23% - Telangana (10 dist) 23%

29) Nagarjuna sagar project – Andhra submerged land = 0, cultilavation land 20 lakh acres. Telangana submerged land = 100%, cultivation land 4.5 lakh acres

30) Polavaram project is submerging 250 small villages in Telangana, displacing 5 lakh tribal’s are going to provide lakhs of acres cultivation land to Andhra.

31) Grant-in-aid Private Degree colleges Andhra (9 dist) - 96, Rayalaseema (4 dist) - 32, Telangana (10 dist) - 30

32) There are more than 130 posts of heads of departments. Out of them only 7 or 8 are held by the officers belonging to the Telangana region.

33) Sales Tax collection (2001- 2002) – Andhra 21%, Rayalaseema 5%, Telangana 74%

34) Excise Collections (2001-2002) – Andhra 24%, Rayalaseema 10%, Telangana 66%

35) APPSC – Andhra Pradesh public service commission board members so
far, 8 from Andhra, 6 from Rayalaseema, 2 from Telangana.

36) Telanganites constitutes 23% in all industries in Telangana area, 0% in Andhra, Rayalaseema area

37) All housing board colonies in capital city – 93% people are from Seemandhra.

38) Govt Libraries – Andhra (9 districts) 630, Rayalaseema (4 dist) 243,Telangana (10 dist) 450.

39) In 70’s – Jublee hills lands were purchased at Rs 105 per acre. Total acres 1400. All Telanganites living in that area were thrown out, jublee hills housing society did not have a single Telanganite.

40) Panchayat Raj divisions – Andhra (9 dist) 883, Rayalaseema (4 dist) 342,Telangana (10 dist) 295.

41) Most backward district in AP is Mahabubnagar, was granted 4% white ration cards. Most developed dist in AP is West Godavari dist was given 7% white ration cards.

42) 100% power of Vizag thermal (simhadri) is being used for Andhra only, but 27% power of Ramagundam is being used for A.P.

43) 82% of farmers are depending on private loans in Telangana

44) If development was the justification for keeping an alien ruler in place, India should have never been free from British rule !

45) There was no single drop of water in Palanadu 350yrs ago, it was like a desert. Now, entire Telangana canal irrigation land is less than Guntur dist alone.

46) Rs 60 crores of surplus budget was the pride of Telangana in 1948. When Andhra state was formed – it had only 1 Crore in hand given by Madras govt, and Shri Raj Gopalachari said ‘Get lost from here’.

47) Dr.B.R.Ambedkar suggested Hyderabad second capitol of India. He said
Hyderabad is better than Delhi.

48) Government buys sugar cane from farmers (per quintal) in Andhra – Rs 1200, Telangana –Rs 890 Andhra lands are canal cultivated – Telangana depend on bore wells.

49) Andhrites converted Telangana -WAKF lands in to revenue lands in the era of real-estate boom, Lanco is main culprit in this, remember Muslim brothers shouted ‘go back’ at Lagadapati ?

50) 150 forts are about to ruin in the Telangana which were built by various dynasties. They are symbols of great cultural heritage.

51) Hyd Central University is filled with Andhraits – every Central University in India has 60% reserved for local region. Except HCU.

52) Pranahita project, there is no staff, no sufficient funding, don’t even have proper office, but Andhra ruler says project will be completed 4yrs

53) There are never any difficulties in construction of irrigation projects in Andhra. But why irregularities, corruption, delays in Telangana projects?

54) Mahabubnagar 35lakhs population, migration 14 lakhs, 350km of Krishna stretch, there is no drinking water or irrigation water.

55) How many JNTU colleges should be there in 10 dist of Telangana, if 2 are in 4 districts of Rayalaseema ?

56) AP dairy buys milk from farmers from Andhra Rs 24.30, Telangana Rs 22.30

57) 450 tribal villages, millions of tons of limestone, rich minerals, lot of natural biodiversity…are going to submerge if Polavaram project is built

58) Telangana is bigger than 24 states. Total official countries in the world are 194. Telangana will be bigger than 160 countries.

59) Seemandhra revenue 38.5% - Expenditure 49%, Telangana revenue 61.5% Expenditure 51%

60) Jallianwala bagh, General Dyer, 1919 yr - 379 shot dead. Telangana, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy, 1969 - 370 students shot dead.

61) WHO declared Nalgonda dist affected with fluorisis so much that it is moving towards No Man Zone.

62) While merging with Andhra leaders agreed to continue Mulki rules in Telangana. As per this 100% employees in Telangana should be from Telangana only.

63) Nizam formulated mulki rules in 1919, a person to get job in they must be Telangana from 15yrs,but now Andhra rulers reduced the period to 4yrs.

64) Seemandhrites got 28000 jobs in Telangana by getting bogus mulki certificates between 1956-1968. Between 1975 to 1985 again 58000 by violating presidential order.

65) In 1969 students/employees agitated against 28000 jobs by Andhra. Andhra rulers killed 370 students.

66) In 1972, Andhra rulers managed to cancel supreme court judgment by parliament, then 6 point formula was introduced for jobs. As per this formula Telangana split into zone 5, zone 6.

67) As per presidential order Telangana people should get reservation 80% dist posts,70% zonal posts, 60% Gazetted posts. Remaining 20%,30%,40% shall be open to other regions – what’s happening now ?

68) In 1985, 610 GO for transfer of 58000 employs from Telangana, but this GO is never implemented. That too 610 GO is restricted to 102 departments only, out of 250 govt departments.

69) In 2001, Chandra Babu Naidu (CM) appointed Girglani Commission which submitted report in 2004, that 2 lakh Seemandhra employs are working in Telangana.

70) Only 23% Singareni coal is used in Telangana. Remaining 77% is being drained out to other places.

71) Per Capita Funds allocation to Student in universities.
SV University - Rs. 37500, Andhra University - Rs 35500
SK University - Rs 25000, Nagarjuna University - Rs 22700
OU - Rs 17400, K.U - Rs 14000

72) Cultivation land (Lakh Acres) Before 1956, Andhra 30.65, Telangana 18.20 In 2004, Andhra 69.27, Telangana 18.00

73) Andhrites love for Hyd is like Pakistan’s love for Kashmir. They are ready to go to any extent to capture it.

74) Kothagudem thermal power station sabotaged on purpose to obtain repair contracts to Andhra contractors in 1978, this is confirmed in single man commission (Sundar Ramaiah commission – 1979)

75) All APSEB scams occurred so far at high level in board are targeted towards Telangana power supply and distribution, never to Andhra or Rayalaseema region. Higher officials found guilty by Vimal Lal commission, the recommendation were never implemented.

76) Technically it is possible to develop water grid to benefit Telangana, Rayalaseema and Andhra regions – it would match in comparison with Mississippi river water system (USA), Three Gorges river system (China),Nile river (Aswan dam) Africa and Rhine river system Europe. Similar models were conceived by intellectuals but are trashed by Andhra rulers and pseudo intellectuals because they will benefit Telangana.

77) 1969 - after Jai Telangana movement 'All Party Accord' was formulated, scrapped within 6 months. Than 8-point formula, 5-point formula were announced. then supreme court upheld Mulki rules. Andhra elites could not digest it, launched Jai Andhra movement. Central govt yielded as usual to elites tactics, then 6-point formula. Even this is being violated royally many times, robbing Telangana its rightfulness.

78) Nagarjuna Sagar initially meant to benefit Andhra and Telangana. Later on it is modified in such a way that 75% of the benefit is accruing to Andhra reducing the share of Telangana region to just 25%. Andhra settlers own 50% of these 25% utilization lands.

79) Singur project was originally designed to meet primarily the irrigation needs of Medak and Nizamabad districts. But it is now solely used for meeting the requirements of capital city.

80) Jurala Project which is the first project on river Krishna meant for Telangana,
is the smallest of all the projects built on this river. The Bachawat Tribunal allocated just 17.5 TMC ft. water for this project, and the state government reduced its storage capacity to 60% ft. But the actual utilization so far has not been more than 10%

81) Rajolibanda Diversion Scheme, was to irrigate 87500 acres in Mahabubnagar. The Bachawat Tribunal also allocated 15.90 TMC ft. of water for this project. This water has to pass through a canal in Raichur district of Karnataka State. After the formation of Andhra Pradesh landlords of Rayalaseema blasted the gates with bombs and diverted water to their land. Since then Govt never even tried to reconstruct the gates.

82) Devadula Project, provides water for 5 lakh acres, was promised to be finished in 5 yrs in 2001, yet to begin work. The funniest fact is, Sriram sagar is yet to be completed for last 40 yrs which provides water for just 4 lakh acres. Telangana people are supposed to believe the promise.

83) Two major projects proposed on river Godavari are Ichampally and Polavaram. Ichampally is meant for Telangana and Polavaram for Andhra.The irrigation potential of Polavaram Project would be 6 to 7 times more than the irrigation potential of Ichampally. Ichampally is going to be primarily a power project not a irrigation project !

84) Andhra lands are irrigated by canal irrigation i.e. with tax payer’s money. Andhra farmer pays Rs 200 - 300 per annum as water charges. Telangana lands are irrigated by bore wells, entire cost is on the farmer . Digging, power, bore well, motor, pipes. He struggles with fluctuations in power supplies with irregularities and pathetic power distribution pattern in Telangana.

85) Technological University was actually started in Warangal but was shifted to Hyderabad, Open University was originally Nalgonda district but was later shifted Hyd. The same state level universities University of Health Sciences, Mahila University and the University of Dravidian Languages were allowed to stay in Seemandhra - not moved to Capital city.

86) Twelve milk chilling plants established by the erstwhile Telangana Regional Committee in different parts of Telangana have been abruptly closed down showing lack of funds as a reason.

87) Ramagundam is in heart of coal belt … Fertilizer plant is closed showing areason as poor quality of coal. NTPC is running with same coal, VTPS is running with same coal. Subsequently, Fertilizer plants are started in Nellore and Andhra.

88) Based on the proportionality at least 40% of jobs, i.e. 6 lakhs, should have gone to Telangana. But the total number of jobs now occupied by them is less than 3 lakhs.

89) 1972, PV Narasimha Rao made an attempt to implement the verdict of Supreme Court validating the Mulki Rules. The verdict was in favor of Telangana. Seemandhra gave outrageous reaction, he lost his Chief Ministership.

91) Daily wage workers working in industries – from Andhra (9 districts) 3.16 lakhs, from Rayalaseema (4 districts)– 0.7 lakhs, Telangana (10 district) 0.81 lakhs.

92) Andhra controlled media never highlighted migration of 15 lakh people out of 24lakh population from Mahabubnagar due to draught conditions. T. Anjaiah CM of AP from Telangana region was presented as a buffoon in dailies and cartoons.

93) At the time of merger Andhra leaders persuaded Telangana leaders by offering many safeguards against exploitation. They also passed a Unanimous Resolution’ in November 1955 in Andhra Assembly in support of safeguards and subsequently they put these safeguards in an Agreement on 20th February. 1956 which is known as “Gentlemen’s Agreement”. All are trashed soon after the agreement is signed.

94) Proportional representation says Telangana should get 42% jobs in the Secretariat, but only 9% are working now. How can a people representative, MLA, MLC can get a work done if 91% do not help ?

95) Metro Rail project is being designed dilapidating 5000 shops, 2500 houses,147 schools, 120 hospitals, 60 Temples/Masjid/Churches. Historical monuments will disappear. All shops and complexes throughout Metro rail route are with Seemandhra thugs.

96) 1947 India got Independence. 1948 Indian Army did police action to dethrone Nizam. Hyd state existed from 1949 to 1956. Telangana merged with Andhra against its wishes in1956. Telangana has nothing to do with Potti Sriramulu.

97) Telangana Sayudha Poratam, (Telangana armed struggle) was against Nizam facist rule, 4000 people died - inspired all subsequent land movements in West Bengal, Kerala and Tripura and paved way for formation of Communist governments in those States. This is never acknowledged by Seemandhra rulers so far.

98) Despite 69% Krishna, 79% Godavari flows through Telangana, irrigation cost is Rs.1500/acre. 13% of Krishna, 21% Godavari flows through Andhra irrigation cost is Rs.150/acre.

99) Per capita income of Madhya Pradesh: Rs 18,051. Chattisgarh formed in 2000. Per capita income of Chhattisgarh in 2008-09 - Rs. 29,621. Recently formed smaller states are catching up with Haryana is 71%, Himachal is 81% and Uttarakhand is 75% - now Jharkhand 58%, Chhattisgarh 63%. Also, Infant mortality UP 67%, Uttarakhand 44%.

100) year 2008 Targeted growth rate & achieved: bigger states: MP 7% - 4.3%; UP 7.6% - 4.6%; Bihar 6.2% 4.7% smaller states: Chhattisgarh 6.1% - 9.2%; Jharkhand 6.9% - 11.1% Uttaranchal 6.8% - 8.8%

101) Since 1956 to date, the additional irrigation potential created in Telangana is only 5%

102) There are 10,000+ Industrial units in Telangana, 1200 are owned by Telanganites, 6500 are owned by Seemandhra, rest are by outsiders.

103) Proportionally Telangana should be given about 43% in budget allocation, Since 1953, it never exceeded 30%. Yet Telangana contributes 42% of revenue to the state exchequer.

104) Nizamsagar was built in 1931 to serve Nizamabad and Medak about 2.7 lakh acres of land. It was neglected for maintenance and improvements, now satellite images prove that all its 83 tributaries, 243 distributaries have been silted up and eroded. World bank sanctioned 30 crores for the project, which was never spent. The project now going to be almost useless.

105) In Andhra region every year two crops are cultivated because of water availability, in Telangana a single crop will be cultivated with great difficulty.

106) Technical institutions wise, 26 are in Telangana, 54 are in Andhra. 20 polytechnics in Telangana, 70 in Andhra. 2 Medical colleges in Telangana, 6 in Andhra.

107) British build Railways, Administrative Services, Post and Telegraph, installed democratic institutions, judiciary, rule of law, and built the cities of Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai, and New Delhi. British did not claim any of these when they had to leave India. Seemandhra are making big hue and cry clamoring for Hyderabad claiming they have built the city. In 400 yrs of Hyderabad history, how many years did they contribute the 'development' ?

108) Hyderabad - demographic expansion can never be considered as a development. It’s natural growth. It is like a girl who is 10 yrs now will attain 15yrs of age after 5 yrs – can we call it development ? Also, its not just Hyd which is developed … all big/medium cities in India are in development path.

Saturday, December 26, 2009

KCR on his way to form the telangana state asks Centre to form Telangana immediately

Declaring that the "battle" for separate Telangana has begun, TRS president K Chandrasekhar Rao today asked the Centre to take steps for formation of the separate state immediately. Claiming there is a "constitutional crisis" in the state in the wake of the resignations of almost all ministers and MLAs from Telangana, Rao asked the Centre to initiate the process for the formation of Telangana.

"In view of the strong demand for Telangana, the central government should grant the separate state immediately", he told reporters after the first meeting of the Joint Action Committee comprising leaders cutting across party lines from Telangana here tonight. The JAC discussed ways to intensify the agitation for Telangana state at its first meeting today.

At the closed-door meeting, TRS is understood to have mooted a proposal to fix a deadline for bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh but there was no statement on record from the leaders to this effect.

Friday, December 25, 2009


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Comment on Telangana State Formation

As a Telugu people we should comment on the present scenario of Telangana state and bring this to each and every person we know and contribute our part also. Since now everybody believes this moment to be a peoples moment rather than a political moment, So whoever believes or not believes, both the comments are to be made in order to have a clear picture of the state and bring more awareness to our people. Lets do this for a good cause


Warangal and Hanamkonda as legend goes is linked with the dynasties of  Great "Vishnukundins" and even prior to it also of the Buddhist and pre_Buddhist periods of indian History.During Eighth Century A.D. , Warangal with an old name "Orukal" has served as Capital City of Yadava king of the Kakatiyas or Ganapatis making Warangal as Capital City.The name of Warangal "Orugallu" is said to be correct form of Orukal which is the original designation ,the old town.The words the middle of the Warangal fort.The Kakatiya line seems to have been in existance even earlier to the middle of 7th Century A.D.because the famous Chines Piligrim Hieun-Tsang,mentions the nameof the Kingdom of "Danakakitya" in the South.The family name Kakatiya is derived from the local appellation of the Goddess Durga(Kakati).

After the fall of Bahamani Kingdom,Warangal fell to the "Qutab Shahis" of Golkonda and thereafter it has came under the sway of Nizam's dominitions.

Thus the city of Warangal has developed both under the political and historical influences of successive great kings.

Warangal, once the capital of the Kakatiya Kingdom, is the fifth largest city of Andhra Pradesh. Warangal's History, with beautiful lakes, fine temples, rich fauna & flora have contributed to its importance as a Tourist Centre. The ancient name of Warangal was known to be Oruguallu or Omtikonda on account of huge boulder like hillock situated near the swayambhu Siva Temple and is also called "EKASILANAGARAM". In course of time, it was called as "Orugallu", and finally known as Warangal.

Warangal the ancient Kakatiya Kingdom has everything to satisfy the thirst of tourist all over the world. It has beautiful Lakes , Forts, Architectural Monuments, Wild Life Sanctuary, Musical Garden , Rock Garden, Vana Vigyana Kendra, Regional Science Centre , a fine blend of new and old. The Capital of Kakatiyas is just 150 KM from Hyderabad , the capital of Andhra Pradesh.

Warangal is having a grand Yatri Niwas for tourists and is under renovation. The work will complete within a short period of time. District Tourism is also planning regular Shuttle services by road from Hyderabad to Warangal and then Circuit routes from Warangal to Water Bodies, Group of Temples , Garderns, Fort, Science Center and back. Connecting transport will also be provided on rail routes.


Ranga Reddy district is a district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Ranga Reddy District was formed on 15th August, 1978. The district has an area of 7,493 km², and a population of 3,575,064 of which 54.20% is urban as of 2001. The district encircles the city and district of Hyderabad, and the city of Hyderabad also serves as the administrative center of the district.


Originally named Hyderabad (Rural) district, it was renamed after Konda Venkata Ranga Reddy, a freedom fighter who fought for the independence of Telangana from the Nizams and who went on to become the deputy chief minister of Andhra Pradesh.

Assembly Constituencies

There are 14 assembly constituencies in Ranga Reddy district. They are Medchal, Malkajgiri, Qutbullapur, Kukatpally, Uppal, Ibrahimpatnam, L B Nagar, Maheshwaram, Rajendranagar, Serilingampally, Chevella, Pargi, Vikarabad and Tandur.


Mandals are third-level administrative areas in India, below states and districts. The mandals in the Ranga Reddy district are:

1. Balanagar 2. Bantwaram 3. Basheerabad 4. Chevella 5. Dharur 6. Doma 7. Gandeed 8. Ghatkesar 9. Hayathnagar 10. Ibrahimpatnam 11. Kandukuru 12. Keesara 13. Kulkacharla 14. Maheswaram 15. Malkajgiri 16. Manchal 17. Marpalle 18. Medchal 19. Moinabad 20. Mominpet 21. Nawabpet 22. Pargi 23. Peddemul 24. Pudur 25. Quthbullapur 26. Rajendranagar 27. Saroornagar 28. Serilingampalle 29. Shabad 30. Shamirpet 31. Shamshabad 32. Shankarpalli 33. Tandur 34. Uppal Kalan 35. Vikarabad 36. Yacharam 37. Yalal


1) Medium-scale industries and Cement Corporation of India's cement factories are established at Tandur.
2) Another major company is Hyderabad Chemicals and Fertilizers, established at Moula-Ali in 1942.
3) A fresh water reservoir, called Osman Sagar, on the river Musi at Gandipet is the prime drinking water source to the capital city of Hyderabad.
4) The Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University has a campus at Rajendranagar in this district.


Nalgonda district became part of Andhra Pradesh w.e.f. 1st November, 1956 i.e., after reorganization of states. It was formerly known as Neelagiri (Blue Hill). The district is in the Southern part of the Telangana Region between 16-25' and 17-50' of the Northern Latitude and 78-40' and 80-05' of Eastern longitude covering an area of 14,240 Sq. Kms. The District is bounded by Medak and Warangal districts in the North, Guntur and Mahaboobnagar districts in the South, Khammam and Krishna districts in the East and Mahabubnagar and Rangareddy district in the West.

The Geographical area of the district is 14,217 Sq. Km accounting to 5.18% of the total area of the state of A.P. The total population of the district is 34.5 lakhs and density of population is 242 per Sq. Km as per 2001 census.


The region experiences hot and dry summer throughout the year except during the South West Monsoon season. The year may broadly be divided into four seasons. It experiences cold season from December to Mid February, summer season from Mid February to first week of June. South West monsoon season from June to September and retreating monsoon or the past monsoon season during October to November.


Cold season extending from December to February is followed by summer when both day and night temperatures increase sharply. May being the hottest month, the mean daily maximum temperature is about 40*C (104.0*F) and the mean daily minimum is about 28*C (82.4*F) sometimes the day temperature crosses 44*C during this period. On some days, afternoon thundershowers come as a blessing and though temporarily they bring relief from the oppressive summer heat. By about the beginning of October day temperature decreases steadily signaling the withdrawl of monsoon. Day and night temperature decrease rapidly during November. December is the coldest month with the mean daily maximum and minimum temperatures being 35*C and 20*C respectively. Sometimes during the cold season, night temperature may drop down to about 10*C.

The skies are generally clear or lightly clouded throughout the year except during south west monsoon season when heavy clouds cast the skies.


The average rainfall in the district is 772 mm.  71% of the annual rainfall is received by the district during south west monsoon (i.e. June to September). September is the rainiest month. During summer and retreating monsoon season some amount of rainfall is received in the form of thunder showers. The variation in the annual rainfall in the district from year to year is large.  On an average there are 46 rainy days. (i.e days with rainfall of over 2.5mm or more).


Medak is some 100 KM’s from Hyderabad and lies just a few KM’s off the NH-7 or Medchal highway. We started early in the morning to avoid city traffic and took NH7 to continue on our way to Medak.

The drive, though not very picturesque, was very smooth thanks to a well maintained highway. Unexpected encounters with fields of sunflowers in full bloom were quite heart warming and worth stopping by. A smooth drive, pleasant morning and bright smiling sunflowers helped us shrug off the sleepiness and we reached Medak Church at 10, wide awake and full of expectation. Medak Church did not disappoint us.

Asia’s largest and World’s second largest Diocese Church, it stands tall at 175 feet. Its foundation was laid in 1914 and took 10 years to complete. Gothic in style, it is built with mosaic tiles of 6 different colors that were imported from England. Apart from the magnificence, what captures the attention are the wonderful stained glass windows inside the Church. These windows depict the different phases in the life of Lord Jesus Christ – Ascension, Nativity and Crucifixion. These windows were installed at different periods with Ascension in 1927, Nativity in 1947 and Crucifixion in 1958.

Medak’s church is definitely not grand and it won’t make you wonder at its magnificence but the fact that it’s hidden in an entirely unexpected small city near Hyderabad is something that you might find unique.

Medak also has a fort built by Kakatiyas and later extended by Qutab Shahi rulers. We tried going to the fort but no one could give exact directions. We finally found some consensus among people on where the way to fort was and headed towards it. Only to be disappointed with a dead end. We finally gave up on it and proceeded to Edupayulu. Edupayulu is 8-10 KM’s from Medak and has temple of Lord Shiva and Kanaka Durga.

Edupayulu is supposed to be the origin point of river Manjeera. It is said that 7 rivers meet here to form river Manjeera (‘Edu’ in Telugu means 7). To our disappointment, there was no water to be seen anywhere. Making our way through monkeys that were all over the place, we reached the temple shrine and could not figure out where the temple was. There were some idols placed on tables and some construction work was going on. Maybe they were creating a temple. This marked the end of our trip to Medak and we headed back to Hyderabad.

To sum up the experience, Medak Church is the only place worth watching. You can skip the fort and Edupayulu.



Telangana forms the core of the Satavahana Dynasty (221BC-218 AD), Part of Chalukyan Dynasty in South India (between 5th and 11th century AD) and in the recent history, it formed the core of the Golconda State and Hyderabad State, ruled by Qutub Shahi Dynasty (1520-1687) and Dynasty (Asaf Jahi Dynasty)  (1724-1948) until it was taken over by New Delhi in 1948.  This region became independent and joined in the democratic India on 18th September 1948. Telangana constitutes 10 districts: Adilabad, Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Medak, Warangal, Khammam, Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Nalgonda, and Mahabubnagar districts.

Mahabunagar is southern district of Hyderabad state under Nizam and bordered with River Krishna in the south and surrounded by the Nalgonda, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Raichur and Gulbarga districts. Mahabubnagar town is located at a distance of 96-km from Hyderabad.

This place was formerly known as "Rukmammapeta" and "Palamooru". The name was changed to Mahabubnagar on 4th December 1890, in honour of Mir Mahbub Ali Khan Asaf Jah VI, the Nizam of Hyderabad (1869-1911 AD). It has been the headquarters of the district since 1883 AD.  The Mahabubnagar region was once known as Cholawadi or the land of the Cholas'.  It is said that the famous Golconda diamonds including famous "KOHINOOR" diamond came from Mahabubnagar district.

It is very hard to understand the history of Palamoor as this region was always neglected by the rulers. And for most of the time, this region was ruled by very small regional rulers, Samasthans, Jamindars, Doras or land lords. More over, majority of Palamoor people always lived in poverty and slavery and Recording of History was never a priority. Nobody neither knows about their history nor they want to know it. Even today the people of this region struggle all their life for basic needs.

History of this region can be understood by the dynasties ruled this region and the historical maps of India below.

    * Asoka's Kingdom - This region was southernmost land in the Asoka's Empire in 250 BC (See the maps).
    * Satavahana Dynasty (221BC-218 AD)
    * Chalukyan Dynasty in South India (between 5th and 11th century AD)
    * Rashtrakutas Dynasty - Ruled for a brief period in 9th Century
    * Kakatiya Dynasty (1100-1474 AD)
    * Bahamanis Dynasty (1347 - 1518)
    * Qutub Shahi Dynasty (1518-1687)
    * Moghul Rule - Aurangazeb, the Mughal emperor, invaded Golconda in A.D.1687 and annexed it to the Mughal empire. Since then, Golconda became part of the Deccan Subha and a Nizam was appointed as an agent of the Mughal emperor. Thus, for about a period of 35 years it was ruled by the Moghuls, the last one being Mubariz Khan.
    * Nizam Dynasty (Asif Jahi Dynasty)  (1724-1948) - This dynasty acquired enormous wealth and lived most extravagant and lavish life for that time. Nizam VII was the richest man on the earth in his time. He was also awarded as "Faithfull Ally of British". Though people suffered, they left behind lot of well known landmarks, rich treasures, art, lavish food style and rich culture.

Time line of Telangana Region from 1800 AD

See this region in  - Historical Maps of India from 650 BC to 1947 AD

Palamoor Samsthans:

Palamoor Samasthans tell us the recent history of some parts of this region, which are still familiar to Palamoor people.

The origin of the Rajas of Hindu Samasthans in the Nizam's Dominion goes back to the time of the ancient Hindu Kingdom of Warangal. They were mostly Zamindars and military chiefs who established their authority over the surrounding territories. They were known as Paligars and their territories, Palayams. There were about sixteen Samasthans, which survived till Independence. Some of the important Samasthans in this region were Wanaparthi, Gadwal, Jetprole, Amarchinta, Palvancha, Gopalpet, Gurugunta, Kollapur and Anagundi. The Rajas of the Samasthans were progressive and managed the administration well.

1. THE GADWAL SAMASTHAN:This is situated between the rivers Tungabhadra and Krishna over an area of about 800 sq.miles. After the fall of the Warangal Andhra dynasty in the 14th century, Gadwal transferred its allegiance to the new Bahmani kingdom. According to the family history, Pedda Veera Reddy, Peddanna Bhupaludu, Sarga Reddy, Veera Reddy and Kumara Veera Reddy ruled Gadwal between 1553 and 1704.

During the reign of Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II, the Martha's gained power in certain parts of the Deccan and started collecting 'chouth' or 25% of the revenue known, as 'Do-Amli' are the double government of the Nizam. Raja Sitaram Bhupal died in 1840 and was succeeded by his adopted son, Raja Sitaram Bhupal II. Nizam VII bestowed on him the title of "Maharaja" and he died in 1924 and was survived by his widow and two daughters.

2. WANAPARTHI SAMASTHAN: This is situated in Mahboobnagar district with an area of about 640 sq.miles. The Rajas of the Samasthans were closely associated with the QtubShahi kings. The early Rajas of Wanaparthi kept on army of 2000 infantry and 2000 cavalry. On 17th March 1843, the title of "Balwant" was conferred on Raja Rameshwar Rao as a mark of honour by Sikander Jah. For administrative purposes the Samasthan was divided into two taluqas namely "sugar" and "Kesampet" under to Tahsildars. The "Maharaja" died on 22nd November 1922. He was survived by two sons, Krishna Dev Rao and Ram Dev Rao. Recently this family represented in the Indian government after Independence.

3. THE SAMASTHAN OF JETPROLE: It was one of the most ancient and historic Samasthans in the dominion. It is said that Pillalamarri Bethala Reddy was the founder of not only the Jetprole family but also the families of the rajas of Bobbili in Ganjam District, Pittapore (now Pittapuram in Godavari District, Malleshwaram in Krishna District and Venkatagiri in Nellore District. The young Raja was given the ruling power by the Nizam when he ascended the 'Gaddi' he dropped his name of Navanita Krishna Yachandra and adopted that of Raja Venkat Laxman Rao Bahadur. The Raja died in 1929 leaving two daughters and his Rani.

4.THE AMARCHINTA SAMASTHAN: The Amarchinta Samasthan had an area of about 190 sq.miles in Mahabubnagar District. One of the descendants of the family, Raja Sriram Bhupal, died and was survived by his wife. She was accepted as the lawful successor to the Samasthan. Amarchinta Samasthan was noted for fine muslin.

5. KOLLAPUR SAMASTHAN: Kollapur smasthan with a large area spanning most of the nallamala forest area on the banks of river Krishna. There are traces of architectural tressures from 2nd century B.C. in this samasthan. Still you can see hundreds of ancient temples, which were built before 1500 years ago. Kollapur Samasthan played a considerable role in Nizam's era.

Mahabunagar is southern district of Hyderabad state under Nizam and bordered with River Krishna in the south and surrounded by the Nalgonda, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Raichur and Gulbarga districts. Mahabubnagar town is located at a distance of 96-km from Hyderabad.
This place was formerly known as "Rukmammapeta" and "Palamooru". The name was changed to Mahabubnagar on 4th December 1890, in honour of Mir Mahbub Ali Khan Asaf Jah VI, the Nizam of Hyderabad (1869-1911 AD). It has been the headquarters of the district since 1883 AD.  The Mahabubnagar region was once known as Cholawadi or the land of the Cholas'.  It is said that the famous Golconda diamonds including famous "KOHINOOR" diamond came from Mahabubnagar district. 


The present name of Khammam is said to have been derived from the name of the temple 'Narsimhadri', later 'Stamba Sikhari' and then it was termed as 'Stambadhri'.The vertical rock under the temple is known as 'KAMBA'. The name of the town Khammam seems to have been derived from the name of this hill of Kamba and the district is named as Khammam.
Khammam town which was the seat of Taluk Administration was part of the larger Warangal District, till 1st October, 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (Now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district KHAMMAM with Khammam as District Headquarters. In 1959 Bhadrachalam Revenue Division consisting Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godawari district, which were on the other side of the river Godawari were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability.

In 1973 a new taluk with Sathupalli as headquarters was formed carving out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 four new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta and Manuguru by bifurcating Khammam, Yellandu, Kothagudem and Burgampadu taluks respectively. In the year 1985, following the introduction of the Mandal system the district has been divided into 46 mandals, in four Revenue Divisions - Khammam, Kothagudem, Paloncha and Bhadrachalam.

Khammam District is a district in Andhra Pradesh, India. It had a population of 2,565,412 of which 19.81% were urban as of 2001 census. Khammam town is the district headquarters. The present name of Khammam is said to have been derived from the name of the temple ‘Narsimhadri’, later ‘Stamba Sikhari’ and then it was termed as ‘Stambhadri’[citation needed]. The name of the town Khammam seems to have been derived from the name of this hill of Kamba and the town was named as Khammam Mettu which was later renamed as Khammam.

The river Godavari enters Khammam district from Warangal district and flows nearly 250km across the district.


Karimnagar is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Karimnagar district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Karimnagar District. It is located on the banks of Maneru river, a tributary of the Godavari river. Karimnagar is situated 162 km north of Hyderabad, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh. It is a major business center. And it is emerging as a major educational hub with Satavahana University, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), two medical colleges, eight engineering colleges, a veterinary science college, a pharmacy college and two B.Ed colleges. In addition, it is home to Sri Raja Rajeshwara Govt. Degree College.

The district lies on the northern part ofAndhra Pradesh approximately between the latitudes 18 deg and 19 deg and longitudes 78 deg. 30 mn and 80 deg 31 min. The district is bounded on the north by Adilabad district,on the west by Medak District,on the North West by Nizamabad on the South by Warangal District and on the East by Godavari River.

Population and growth

Geographical Area                 -           11823 Sq.Kms
Total Population                     -           3491822 (as per 2001 Census)
Male                                      -           1747968
Female                                   -           1743854
Total Rural Population            -           2813010
Total Urban Population           -           678812
Density of Population             -           295 per Sq.kms
Total Literates                        -           1661089
Literacy Rate                         -           47.57


Karimnagar is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Karimnagar district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Karimnagar District. It is located on the banks of Maneru river, a tributary of the Godavari river. Karimnagar is situated 162 km north of Hyderabad, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh. It is a major business center. And it is emerging as a major educational hub with Satavahana University, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), two medical colleges, eight engineering colleges, a veterinary science college, a pharmacy college and two B.Ed colleges. In addition, it is home to Sri Raja Rajeshwara Govt. Degree College.

The district lies on the northern part ofAndhra Pradesh approximately between the latitudes 18 deg and 19 deg and longitudes 78 deg. 30 mn and 80 deg 31 min. The district is bounded on the north by Adilabad district,on the west by Medak District,on the North West by Nizamabad on the South by Warangal District and on the East by Godavari River.

Population and growth

Geographical Area                 -           11823 Sq.Kms
Total Population                     -           3491822 (as per 2001 Census)
Male                                      -           1747968
Female                                   -           1743854
Total Rural Population            -           2813010
Total Urban Population           -           678812
Density of Population             -           295 per Sq.kms
Total Literates                        -           1661089
Literacy Rate                         -           47.57

Hyderabad specials

Places of Interest
Charminar a majestic architectural monument standing in the heart of the old city of Hyderabad, built by Mohammad Quli Qutub Shah in 1591 supposedly to commemorate the eradication of plague from Hyderabad. 

Mecca Masjid:
Mecca Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India. The constructions of this mosque was started by Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah and was completed in 1694 by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

Golconda Fort:
Golconda fort is a majestic monument, which lies on the western outskirts of Hyderabad city. It speaks of a great cultural heritage of 400 years and is a place worth visiting.

Salar Jung Museum:
The Salar Jung Museum is the largest one-man collection of antiques in the world. The museum exhibits over 35,000 objects of art like Chinese Porcelain, Aurangazeb's Sword, and Daggers belonging to Queen Noor Jehan, Emperor Jahangir & Shah Jahan, Sculpture, Indian paintings & Persian carpets. Some of the highlights are the Veiled Rebecca, the translucent white marble statue by Bezoni, the Arms section, The Jade section & the Oriental Section.

Hussain Sagar:
Hussain Sagar is a large lake in the midst of the city and was constructed in 1562 AD. Also known as Tank Bund, it connects the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.

Jama Masjid:
The Jama Masjid is the oldest mosque in Hyderabad and is located at a few meters away from the Charminar. Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah built it in the year 1597.

St. Joseph's Cathedral:
The Cathedral of Saint Joseph is located in the Gun foundry area and is perhaps the most beautiful in the twin cities.

St. Mary's Church:
St Mary's Church is in Secunderabad. Mother Mary is worshipped here.

Birla Mandir:
Birla Mandir is a beautiful modern temple overlooking the south end of Hussain Sagar, in Hyderabad. It provides an excellent view over the city from the summit. This magnificent structure was built entirely out of marble from Rajasthan.

Birla Planetarium:
Located in the heart of Hyderabad city, on the panoramic hillock of Naubat Pahad, the Birla Planetarium is a tribute to the advances made in science and technology since the dawn of civilization.

Falaknuma Palace:
The palace is one of the most magnificent of its kind in the country. Built by Nawab Vikar-ul-Umra Bahadur, it is located atop a 650m high hill, about 5-km from Charminar.

Hi-Tech City:
Hyderabad has been developed as a destination for Software Companies. The Hi Tech City, at the city outskirts, is been developed to create a favorable climate for these companies.

High Court:
It is a beautiful Mughal-style building laid out along the Musi River near Afzal Gunj Bridge. Built in 1916 of local pink granite with red sand stone carved panels and columns at an estimated cost of 2 million rupees, it is perhaps the most striking work of the British architect Vincent Esch.

Qutub Shahi Tombs:
About a kilometer from the Golconda fort are the tombs of the Qutub Shahi rulers. The tombs are domed structures built on a square base surrounded by pointed arches. The galleries of the smaller tombs are of a single storey while the larger ones are usually two-storied. In the center of each tomb is a sarcophagus, which overlies the actual burial vault in a crypt below. The domes were originally overlaid with blue and green tiles, of which now only a few pieces remain. It is open daily from 9.30 am to 4.30 pm. Closed on Fridays.
Paigah Tombs:
Situated at Santoshnagar, these tombs belong to the 'Paigah' nobles (tied by blood and marriage to the Nizams) and are about 200 years old. These unique lime and mortar tombs are beautifully carved and have marble inlay work on them.

Chote Hazrat Ki Dargah:
Chote Hazrat ki Dargah is situated inside Devan Devadi, Hyderabad. Climbing 400 and more stairs takes you to a place of worship built during the period of the Asif Jahis. The row of arches on the hill leading to the top is a wonderful sight. The Dargah or mortuary was built in the memory of Hazrat Ali, the son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad.

Raymond's Tomb:
Michel Raymond, a French mercenary, was a military commander in the service of the IInd Nizam and also his close friend. His tomb, which is 7m high, made of black granite bearing the initials JR, lies in Saroornagar off the Vijayawada road about 3-km from the Eliphant Bridge, in east Hyderabad.

Sanjeevaiah Park:
Sanjeevaiah Park is a major recreation centre located next to Hussain Sagar, at the end of Necklace Road, in Hyderabad. It is named after the former President of India, Mr. Neelam Sanjeev Reddy. It houses a rose garden, rock garden and a floral clock.

Indira Park:
Indira Park, a recreation park for children situated near lower Tank Bund, Hyderabad. It is named after the former Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi. It is one of the oldest parks in the twin cities.

Naubat Pahad:
A couple of small rocky hillocks in the middle of Hyderabad beside the Hussain Sagar Lake are known as Naubat pahad and Kala pahad. ('Pahad' means hill and 'Naubat' means drum). It is said that the Mughals used to beat large drums to announce official proclamations from Naubat Pahad.

Public Gardens:
The Public Gardens are the largest gardens in the city. Within it's premises are a number of important public buildings including the State Legislative Assembly, State Archaeological Museum, Jubilee Hall, Jawahar Bal Bhavan and Telugu Lalita Kala Thoranam, an open air theatre.

Nehru Zoological Park:
Nehru Zoological Park is one of the biggest zoos in Asia with over 250 animal species. The lion safari park, natural history museum, pre-historical animals park, nocturnal birds, a children's park with a train ride are other impressive sights.

Call Centers
Hyderabad, the capital city of the state of Andhra Pradesh is moving at a fast pace in the development of information technology and infrastructure. some of world's largest and most reputed companies like GE Capital, Deloitte Consulting, HSBC, Baan, Nokia, Oracle and Microsoft have chosen Hyderabad as the base for serving their business operations in Asia Pacific, the UK, the US and beyond by setting up their Call Centers here. The reason behind this is that Hyderabad  provides a stable, English-speaking base for the international remote services and development centres of these companies.

As a city where the business and investment climate is favourable, Hyderabad is making waves in the world of Hi-tech. Today, Hyderabad, and indeed the entire state of Andhra Pradesh has seen investment bring healthy returns for numerous indigenous and multinational business houses. In fact, it is the only state in India to have a great number of first generation entrepreneurs.

It's time to do your own thing. Spend those free hours browsing the top websites on Hyderabad, or stop to find about the prime bazaars in Hyderabad streets. If you still have some energy pick your place of entertainment here - Cinema Halls
Prasad IMAX Theatre - South India’s first IMAX theatre


Bewitching palaces , timeless corridors, fairy-tale courtyards and whispering water ways.

Hyderabad, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh consists of the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad and is a bustling 400-year-old metropolis with an urban population of 6 million people approximately. Hyderabad is famous as the former seat of the fabulously wealthy Nizams of Hyderabad. Built on the banks of the river Musi, and surrounded by huge prehistoric rock formations like petrified, gray elephants, Hyderabad is a blend of the fairy tale and earthy, a pot pourri of old and new.

Hyderabad, India's fifth-largest city was founded in 1590 by Muhammad Quli, the fourth of the Qutb Shahi kings. They ruled this part of the Deccan from 1512 until 1687. Before founding  Hyderabad, the Qutab Shahi kings ruled from the forted city of Golconda, 11 km to the west. After Aurangzeb's death in 1707, Mughal control over this part of India rapidly waned and the Asaf Jahi viceroys who had been installed to look after the interests of the Mughal Empire broke away to establish their own independent state. They gave themselves the titles 'subedar' and 'nizam'.

In 1798, a subsidiary alliance for military and political cooperation was signed between the Nizam and the British East India Company. Thereafter an area north of what is now the Hussain Sagar Lake was established as a cantonment. The area was named Secunderabad after the then Nizam, Sikander Jah. Both Hyderabad and Secunderabad grew together and have now merged. An imaginary line drawn across the Tank bund is still used to distinguish the two cities. Hyderabad is among the few Indian cities, which has a well-preserved cultural heritage. Hyderabad invokes nostalgia among old residents for its culture, fine arts and certain sophistication in manners. Much more than anything, Hyderabad presents a true picture of secularism.

Hyderabad is the fifth largest cosmopolitan city in India, rich in culture, enduring history and industrial growth. It is unique in being one of the few cities where tradition and technology co-exist. With a dynamic leadership, the state is steering the nation to new dimensions in the fields of Information Technology, Biotechnology, Pharmaceuticals, and Business Management to emerge as a city of immense business opportunities. 


Nizamabad District is located in the north-western region in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is also known as Induru. Nizamabad is the current and official name of the district. Nizam + Abad = Nizamabad, Abad means Used formerly as a title for rulers of Hyderabad, India. Nizamabad District has an area of 7,956 km² and had a population of 2,345,685 of which 18.11% were urban as of 2001. The holy Godavari River enters into Andhra Pradesh from Nizamabad district at Kandhakurthi.

There are 36 mandals in Nizamabad district.

1) Ranjal 2) Navipeta 3) Nandipeta 4) Armuru 5) Balkonda 6) Mortad 7) Kammarapalle 8) Bheemgal 9) Velpur 10) Jakranpalle 11) Maklooru 12) Nizamabad 13) Yedapalle 14) Bodhan 15) Kotagiri 16) Madnuru 17) Jukkal 18) Bichkunda 19) Birkooru 20) Varni 21) Dichipalle 22) Dharpalle 23) Sirkonda 24) Machareddy 25) Sadasivanagar 26) Gandhari 27) Banswada 28) Pitlam 29) Nizamsagar 30) Yellareddy 31) NagaReddipet 32) Lingampeta 33) Tadwai 34) Kamareddy 35) Bhiknuru 36) Domakonda

Agriculture of Adilabad District

Other districts of the state, agriculture is the main occupation of the people in the district. The geographical area of the district is 4004035 Acres. And the land use under different types is : forest (42.8%)
    Land put to non-Agri uses (3.7%) and Net area sown 35.4%.

      The Net area sown in the district is 35.4% of the total geographical area while for the state the relative percentage is 40.2. The percentage of the area sown more than once to the net area sown in the district is 23% and it is far below the relative percentage of state viz. 15.7% which speaks of Lack of cropping pattern existing in the district. The predominent Crop grown in the district is Jowar which accounts for 31.8% of the total cropped area. Paddy account for 10.8% pulses and each crops, and non food crops for 34.7% of the total croped area.

The southern part of the district consisting of Nirmal, Luxettipet, Khanapur and surrounding mandals is fairly developed agriculturally, owing to the availability of irrigation facilities there. The total cropped area of the district is 5.93 lakh hectares which constitute 37% of the total geographical area. The principal crops of the district are Jowar, paddy, Cotton, Wheat, Maize, Chillies, Sugarcane and Soya.

Cotton occupies an important place in the agriculture sector of  this district.  Adilabad has got 27% area under cotton in all the Telengana districts put together and 16% of the area under cotton in the entire state.  However the yields are not in accordance with the above ratios, which accounts to only 11.76% cotton production of Telengana districts and only about 5% of the states' total cotton production.  The Regional Agricultural Research Station situated at Adilabad is conducting research on cotton in modern cultivation and pest management techniques to advise the farmers for better yields achievement.

The area at present under the plantations and horticulture crops is only about 3.5% of the net area cultivated in the district. Horticulture produce assumes importance for it provides, supplementary income including foreign exchange and employment. The cultivable wastes and fallow lands can be put to use by plantation on the contours and bunds of the farmlands. With the above average rainfall, the district and minor irrigation facilities in general is suitable for horticulture comprising of fruits, vegetables and flowers. The medical and aromatic plant cultivation is another untapped area in the district, which has good potential.

               A study based on the present land use pattern and the hardy nature of Horticulture crops which can be grown even on dry lands and wastelands an area of 41,565 hectares is identified that can be put to use for this activity. Thus an additional area of 5,50 hectares can be brought in short term under this crops, in addition to the present 36000 hectares of this activity. The Department of Horticulture in association with the ITDA, Utnoor and the SC Corporation, Adilabad through programme for promotion of horticulture schemes in the district. Backward linkage likes nurseries/farms to meet the seedling requirement forward linkage like processing and preservation plants, for value addition are the need of the hour to augment the development of this sector.

             The area of medicinal and aromatic plantations is the most suited and the least tapped source of the district Nux-vomica an important medicinal plant forms a substantial forest source in the district. The potential and advantages of medicinal aromatic plants cultivation should be made know to the locals to promote this fast catching activity all over. Apie culture and floriculture are the other areas not operational to their full in this climatically congenial nature of the district for these activities. The locals should be encouraged to take advantage of these natural vistas.


The district derives its name from Adilabad, its headquarters town which was named after the ruler of Bijapur, Ali Adil Shah. The district was for long not a homogenius unit and its component parts were ruled at different periods by nasties namely, the Mauryas,Staavahanas, Vakatakas,Chaludyasof Badami, Rashtrakututs, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Mughals,Bhosle Rajes of Nagpur and Asaf Jahis, besides the Gond Rajas of Sirpur and Chanda.Originally this was not full fledged district but a sub-district named Sirpur-Tandur which was created in A.D. 1872 with Edlabad(Adilabad), Rajura and Sirpur as its consistuents talukas.In 1905 the status of this sub-district was raised to that of an independent district with head quarters at Adilabad.

The district was situated between 77.46' and 80.01' ,of the eastern longitudes and 18.40' and 19.56', of northern latitudes.The district is bounded on north by Yeotmal and Chanda district of Maharastra, on the east by Chanda district, on the south by Karimnagar and Nizamabad districts and on the west by Nanded district of Maharastra State. The district has population of 2079098 which accounts for 3.13% of the total population of the State. It is however takes the fifth rank in area with an extent of 16128 SU kms.Which account for 5.90% of the total area of the State. It is however,the second largest district in the Telangana of the inhabited and 167 unihabited village and 11 Towns.
             The District Comprises of 52 Mandals and 1743 villages of which 1557 villages are inhabited and 186 villages are un-inhabitated. There are 7 Muncipalities in the District. The District is conveniently formed into 5 divisions 1)Adilabad , 2) Nirmal ,3)Utnoor, 4)Asifabad,5)Mancherial.

The climate of the district is characterized by hot summer and in generally dry except during the south-west monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February is followed by the summer season from March to May. The period from june to september constitute the south west monsoon season, while October and November from the postmonsoon season. The rainfall in the district, in general increases from the south-west towards the north east. About 85% of annual rainfall is received during the south-west monsoon season. July being the peak rainy month. The variation in the Annual rainfall from year is not large.The normal Annual rainfall of the district is 1044.5m.m.

There is a meterological obervatory, station at headquarters Adilabad. The cold weather commences towards the end of November when the temperature begins to fall rapidly. December is generally the coldest month, with the mean daily maximum temprature at about 29 C and the mininum daily is 15 C. The relative humidities are high generally during the south-west monsoon season. The air is generally dry during the rest of the year, the district part of the year being the summer season when the humidity in the afternoon is 25%.

During the south-west monsoon season the sky is heavily clouded.There is rapid decrease of cloudings the post-monsoon season. In the rest year the sky is mostly clear of light clouded. Winds are light to moderate with some strengthening in the period from May to August. During the post-monsoon and cold season, winds blow mostly from the east or north-east. By March, south westerlies and westerlies start blowing and continue during the rest of summer. The sought west monsoon season winds are mostly from directions between south-west and north west. 

The Population of the district according to 2001 census is 24,79,347 of which the rural population accounts for 18,23,004 or 73.52% of the total, while the urban population accoutns for 6,56,343 forming 26.48% of the total population. The increase in population during decennial ending 1991 over 1981 is 26.85% , which is higher that that of the state. The female population is less namely , 980 females for every 1000 males. The density of population of the district is 129 persons per sq.km. as against the State average of 241 persons per sq.km. out of the total population of the district, 3.86 Lakhs persons are scheduled castes and 3.55 Lakhs persons are scheduled Tribes forming 18.57% and 17.08% of the total population respectively.

     The total No. Of workers is 9,34,3365 constituting 44.93% of the total population as against the state average of 45.27% out of the total main workers, cultivators from 34.09% Agricultural laboureres from 34.88%. The literate persons in Adilabad district are 5,78,226 forming 27.80% of the total population as against the state average if 37.8. The percentage of literacy in the district increased from 18.79% in 1981 to 27.80 in 1991. It is lower that the state average which increased from 30% in 1981 to 37.58% in 1991.

Thursday, December 24, 2009

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